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Lithium-Ion Battery Care and Feeding

Charging Instructions

• We feel charging of most batteries is best accomplished outside the house if possible. Charge in a protected garage, carport or shop, and keep the charger away from flammable materials, cloth, paper etc.

• You may safely store your lithium battery pack at less than full charge, and for short periods, at no less than 20% of full charge; charge once every month or two if in storage to preserve batteries through Winter, or during extended periods of disuse. Prior to long term storage, many lithium batteries benefit with a full charge, followed by a brief partial discharge(1/2 to one mile riding), prior to storage.

Breaking-in your new Batteries

• For longest lifetime of batteries, use your bike gently; for the first week to 10 days

• go easy on the acceleration
• no big hills, not full speed
• Start with short, slow trips working up to longer and faster.
• Lithium cells can last a very long time if not over-discharged, and if kept charged between 20-100% at all times. In real-life, they should give you 2-6 years of service, after which they may be recycled where you bought your vehicle. The term Lithium-Polymer(LiPo) is synonymous with Lithium-Ion(Lion), and generally describes all cells made with lithium which use a plastic(polymer) to separate the internal layers. Generally speaking, Lithium-Iron-Phosphate(LiFePo) batteries are good for over 2,000 full charge-discharge cycles, while Lithium-Manganese-Phosphate(LiMnPo) are rated for 7-900 full charge-discharge cycles before they can provide only 80% of their original capacity. In other words, at 7-900 cycles, your range will have decreased from your original 20 miles, to 16 miles.

You can find a recycling center by calling: 800.EAR.TH911 or visit www.earth911.org

Information provided courtesy of:

eMotors/Velo Verdé
Sebastopol, CA
823.3227

www.emotors.biz
www.veloverde.net

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